10 Early Warning Signs of Kidney Disease

10 Early Warning Signs of Kidney Disease

Kidney disease, also known as renal disease, is a condition that impairs kidney function. The kidneys, two bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine, play a crucial role in filtering waste products, excess water, and other impurities from the blood. These waste products are stored in the bladder and later expelled through urine.

According to the National Kidney Foundation, 1 in 5 Indians is at risk for kidney disease due to diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of kidney failure. Early detection and treatment can slow or prevent the progression of kidney disease.

In this blog post, we will discuss the first signs of kidney problems, provide an in-depth look at the 10 most common early warning signs of kidney disease, and offer tips to keep your kidneys healthy. We will also share expert advice from Dr. Shivram Meena, a renowned urologist.

10 Most Common Early Warning Signs of Kidney Disease

The signs of kidney disease may differ from person to person but these are some common early warning signs of kidney disease

Changes in Urination Patterns

An increase or decrease in frequency, colour changes, or foamy or bubbly urine might indicate kidney issues. Healthy kidneys filter waste and excess fluids, but when they’re compromised, these warning signs indicate a sign of kidney disease so keep an eye on how often you urinate and the characteristics of your urine & consult the best urologist for the early diagnosis.

Persistent Swelling

Kidneys play a pivotal role in regulating fluid balance. If they struggle to remove excess fluids, you might notice swelling in your hands, feet, or ankles. This is known as edema and is a key indicator that your kidneys may not function optimally.

Changes in Appetite

Kidney disease can affect your appetite and lead to unintended weight loss. As waste builds up in the body, it can cause nausea and a disinterest in food. Additionally, altered taste sensations may contribute to changes in eating habits.


Healthy kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin (EPO) that helps your body create oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As kidney function decreases, they make less EPO and because of that your muscles and brain tire very quickly.

Trouble in Sleeping

Disrupted sleep patterns, insomnia, or restless nights may indicate kidney dysfunction. Factors such as imbalances in hormones and the buildup of toxins in the body can contribute to sleep disturbances.

Difficulty Concentrating

Impaired kidney function can affect cognitive abilities. As waste products accumulate in the bloodstream, they can impact the brain, leading to difficulty concentrating, memory issues, and mental fog. If you find yourself struggling with focus, it’s essential to consider your overall kidney health and in that situation, you seek stone treatment.

Dry, Itchy Skin

Kidneys help remove waste and excess fluids, but when they’re not functioning well they buildup of wastes in your blood can cause severe itching and skin rashes. This occurs due to a combination of mineral and nutrient imbalances and the inability to eliminate waste properly.

Bad Breath

Kidney issues can lead to an increase in urea levels in the saliva, resulting in an ammonia-like taste and bad breath. This is due to a buildup of wastes in the blood (uremia) which can make food taste different and cause bad breath.  If your breath takes a turn for the worse despite good oral hygiene, it could be a subtle indicator of kidney problems.

Puffy Eyes

Swelling around the eyes, known as periorbital edema, can be a sign of kidney dysfunction. When kidneys can’t remove excess fluids, it leads to fluid retention, causing puffiness around the eyes. This may be more noticeable in the morning.

Leg/Flank Pain

Some people with kidney disease may have pain in the back or side related to the affected kidneys. Pain from your kidneys can register as lower back pain, found below the rib cage, or even on the sides.

Tips to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

Taking care of your kidneys is vital for your overall health and well-being. By adopting simple lifestyle changes and habits, you can support your kidneys and ensure they function optimally for years. Here are few tips to keep your kidneys healthy:

  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day.
  • Maintain a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Limit your intake of salt and processed foods to reduce the strain on your kidneys.
  • Monitor your blood pressure regularly and strive to keep it within a healthy range.
  • Engage in regular physical activity to promote overall kidney health.
  • Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and quit smoking to protect your kidneys.
  • Manage your weight through healthy eating habits and regular exercise.
  • Be cautious with over-the-counter medications and consult your doctor before taking them.
  • Get regular check-ups and screenings to detect any kidney issues early on.
  • Practice good hygiene to prevent urinary tract infections and kidney-related complications.
  • Manage stress through relaxation techniques such as meditation and deep breathing exercises.

Expert Advice from Dr Shivram Meena

Renowned urologist, Dr. Shivram Meena, shares the importance of proactive kidney care. His expert recommendations include staying well-hydrated, maintaining a balanced diet, and controlling blood pressure.

If you experience these signs, Dr. Meena advises consulting a urologist promptly for personalized care. Early detection is paramount. Prioritize your kidney health today for a healthier tomorrow. Schedule a consultation with a urologist to ensure comprehensive kidney care.


In concluding our exploration of the “10 Early Warning Signs of Kidney Disease,” it’s clear that understanding these indicators is pivotal for timely intervention and safeguarding your kidney health. Your kidneys, the unsung heroes of your body, deserve attention and care.

Remember, recognizing signs like changes in urination, persistent swelling, or unexplained fatigue empowers you to take proactive steps. A healthy lifestyle, regular check-ups, and awareness of kidney-friendly practices are crucial in maintaining optimal kidney function.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can kidney disease be prevented?

While some risk factors are beyond control, adopting a healthy lifestyle, managing blood pressure, and staying hydrated can significantly lower the risk of kidney disease.

Are kidney issues hereditary?

Yes, a family history of kidney problems may increase your risk. Regular check-ups become crucial if there’s a genetic predisposition.

How often should I get my kidneys checked?

Annual check-ups are recommended, especially if you have diabetes, hypertension, or a family history of kidney disease.

Can kidney disease be reversed?

Early detection and management can slow down progression, but reversal is challenging. Timely intervention is key.

Are the signs of kidney disease the same for everyone?

No, symptoms can vary. Some may experience subtle signs, while others may have more pronounced symptoms. Regular health check-ups help in early detection.

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